One of the most vital maintenance’s needed to be performed on your car is changing the engine oil. This should be done every 3000-5000 miles, and doing so can greatly affect the lifespan and performance of your automobile.
Step 1 Materials:
5 Quarts of new oil
1 New oil filer
Oil Filter Wrench
Step 2 Preparation:
Depending on where you are working, and what kind of car you are working on you might need to some prep work before you actually get started changing you oil. Before you do anything you will need to engage the emergency brake, and put a chalk or stop in front of one of the back tires. These are just safety precautions since you will be underneath the automobile, which is inherently dangerous. You want to make sure that if for some reason something happened it would not move while you are underneath it. If you are changing the oil on a truck or an SUV, you will probably not need to raise it with a jack. You can check by basically getting on the ground and seeing if you can comfortably get under the car. You will also want to make sure you have enough room to move around and work. If you are working on a car you will in all likelihood need to use a jack to raise it, so you can get underneath. There are many different types of jacks so you will want to follow the directions for your jack exactly. Also, you might want to put some newspaper down around you work area. There is a possibility of some oil spilling so you don’t want to leave any stains on your driveway, or wherever you are working.
Step 3 Remove Old Oil:
The first thing you will need to do when you get under the car is to locate the drainage bolt on you oil pan. Once you have located it, you will need to find the correct size socket it to remove it. Now before you start to loosen the drainage bolt place your oil pan underneath it so it will catch the old oil. You can now loosen the bolt. Once it gets fairly loose oil will slowly start to come out, and once you fully remove the oil should be draining pretty quickly. Let it drain for a few minutes to make sure most of the old oil is out. Once the oil stops flowing you can replace the drainage bolt and tighten it.
Step 4 Remove Old Oil Filter:
The next step is to locate and remove the old oil filter. Depending on how good the oil filter is secured you might be able to remove it with you hand by rotating it counterclockwise. If it is on too tight to remove with you have you will need to use an oil filter wrench. When removing the filter use caution because it will be full of old oil.
Step 5 Install New Oil Filter:
Before installing the new oil filter you want to pour some new oil into the filter, and make sure the gasket on top of the filter is coated with some new oil. This will help it function better. Installing the new filter is basically the opposite process for removing the old one. This time be sure to turn the filter clockwise and make sure it is properly threaded.
Step 6 Add New Oil:
One of the last but most important steps is to add the new oil to your car. To do this you will need to go under the hood. There will be a cap that is marked oil or engine oil. Remove that cap and insert your funnel. Slowly pour the new five quarts of oil into the funnel. Once all the oil is gone, remove the funnel and secure the cap.
Step 7 Clean Up:
The most important part of the clean up step is disposal of the old oil. The easiest way to do this is to take your oil pan with the old oil and pour it into the container(s) that you new oil was in. Once you have done this you will need to take it somewhere to be properly disposed of. Usually your local body shop will take it for no charge. You might also need to use some soap and water along with some elbow grease to clean yourself up.
You and your car should now be set for the next 3000-5000 miles, and you just saved yourself some money on an oil change.